Winter Whitetail Scouting: Mapping Your Oaks


Those dead, bleached-brown oak leaves rattling in a January wind, but somehow still clinging to their twigs, are symbolic. Like ecological pennants, they announce Veins of food sources on the surrounding hill sides that are otherwise mixed in the color schemes of fall foliage. Winter is the best time to identify these oak flats that your deer were feeding on and cruising during the season. It is also a great time to assess the quality of natural habitat that is available and natural food sources the whitetails are frequently using on your property.    

Putting The Pieces Together 

I do most of my scouting and stand re-positioning in the spring, I look for rubs and scrapes and outlines of travel trails that are left over from the previous Fall. This gives me an idea of how the deer were utilizing the area in the late season, but you need to be mindful that their patterns in the late season may not be the same as they are in the early season. Also, this is a great time to find preferred oak flats and set tree stands up for the upcoming Fall. I am mindful that the information I gain from spring scouting may at times be more applicable to hunting in the following late season, and I stay out of the area as much as possible until I’m ready to hunt or have some hot MRI on a buck from either long-range scouting or trail cameras.

white oaks have rounded-edged-leaves whereas red oak have pointed edges.
Red oaks are typically more bitter tasting than white oaks and have U shaped sinuses and the lobes are bristle tipped.

The Whitetail Check-List

Simply identifying where the thick bedding areas are and where the primary food sources are located is a constant notepad. This typically means finding white oak trees (white oaks have rounded-edged-leaves whereas red oak trees have pointed edges). Red oaks are typically more bitter tasting, so the deer leave them till the moist ground makes them more palatable. Knowing where the white oak trees are from my previous visit, I will then take ONE quick trip to visit and glass those trees in that area during the summer to see if those trees are producing a good crop of acorns that year. Then it is much clearer picture when making scouting and hunting plans according to that seasons acorn crop.

When investigating acorns as a means of identification, things can get complicated and confusing. Still, there are some guidelines that remain fairly consistent. White oak acorns are commonly larger than red oaks. They can be as large or larger than the end of a man’s thumb, often in the shape of an inverted pear as the acorns hang from their pronounced cups. And these cups will many times fall with and remain attached to the acorn head.

White oak acorns are commonly larger than red oaks.

Scouting Smart

The main reason for consistent hunting success is a lot of scouting, and the key ingredient of successful scouting is effective glassing. Whatever your preferred method of glassing might be, remember it’s not a race. Take your time to glass. Look closely. Who knows what might be lurking just beyond reach of your naked eye. Aerial scouting has a huge advantage in that it frees up your time by eliminating 90 percent of a property before you even arrive. That’s time not spent wandering through the woods getting poison ivy or battling mosquitoes, but since time is our most precious commodity, that time-saving aspect is worth its weight in gold.

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Jason Ashe
Jason Ashe is an avid whitetail deer enthusiast and avid hunter from the finger lakes region of New York. A full time social media specialist in the outdoor industry and habitat specialist with Mid-Lakes Whitetails, Jason has been featured in such publications as Quality Whitetails numorouse times and been paired with hunting greats in Outdoor Life for his knowledge and passion for hunting mature deer. Turkeys, Coyotes also top the list of game that Jason pursues in any down time he has from whitetails. He consideres himself lucky to have whitetails and hunting be a part of everyday life. His wife Laura also shares in his passions along with their 2 children.